Bolivian Specialities
Endemic, Near-endemic, Potential-endemic, Chaco habitat endemic, Restricted-range and Expected Encounter species

by Bennett Hennessey Updated Nov 2018

Palkachupa Cotinga

In order to help guide birdwatchers when visiting Bolivia, Bird Bolivia has created the Bolivian Specialities. The Bolivian Specialities are 75 birds that are special to Bolivia which most (95%) of birdwatchers will not see in the rest of South America. The “Endemic” title is a tool to help guide birdwatchers to observe the right species in the optimal place, but this should not be the only tool. The Bolivian Specialities list includes the clear Bolivian Endemic and Near-endemic species (data provided by Sebastian Herzog) as well including Restricted-range species, Chaco habitat, and continentally rare species commonly seen in Bolivia. Many of these species are birds hard to see out of Bolivia, or in small areas of other countries where there are no organized birdwatching trips. We have classified them within six groups:
• Endemic (17) species that only occur within the political borders of Bolivia.
• Near-endemic (19) species where the majority of their range is within Bolivia.
• Potential-endemic (8) present Endemic subspecies that range from suspected to be species to known distinct species once someone completes the science to prove it.
• Chaco habitat endemic species (5). Most birdwatchers never visit the Chaco habitat in Paraguay, meaning their visit to Bolivia is their only chance to see these habitat specialists and therefor Bolivian Specialities.
• Restricted-range (14) are species that have a range of less than 10,000 km2- usually species you will only see in Bolivia unless you birdwatch near Bolivia in surrounding countries.
• Expected Encounter (13). Birds which can have a wide distribution, but for some reason are more common or easier to see in Bolivia.

For more detailed information see Beni Endemic Bird Area section and the Species Locator guide.

Bird Bolivia's Bolivian Specialties

English Name
Scientific Name
Recommended Best Site
Titicaca Flightless Grebe Rollandia microptera Restricted-range Huatajata Lakeshore
Red-faced Guan Penelope dabbenei Restricted-range Quirusillas
Chaco Chachalaca Ortalis canicollis Chaco Endemic Boyiube Chaco
Horned Curassow Pauxi unicornis Endemic  
Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata Expected Encounter Barba Azul Nature Reserve
Blue-throated Macaw Ara glaucogularis Endemic Barba Azul Nature Reserve
Red-fronted Macaw Ara rubrogenys Endemic Red-fronted Macaw Reserve
Cliff Parakeet Myiopsitta luchsi Endemic Red-fronted Macaw Reserve
Tucuman Parrot Amazona tucumana Expected Encounter Quirusillas
Rufous-vented Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus geoffroyi Expected Encounter Machariapo Valley
Cloud-forest Screech-Owl Megascios marshali Expected Encounter  
Chaco Owl Strix chacoensis Chaco Endemic Boyiube Chaco
Subtropical Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium bolivianum Expected Encounter Serrania Sadiri
Wedge-tailed Hillstar Oreotrochilus adela Near-endemic  
Black-hooded Sunbeam Aglaeactis Pamela Endemic Siberia
Hooded Mountain-Toucan Andigena cucullata Restricted-range Siberia
Black-bodied Woodpecker Dryocopus schulzi Chaco Endemic Boyiube Chaco
Crested Hornero Furnarius cristatus Chaco Endemic Boyiube Chaco
Bolivian Earthcreeper Upucerthia harterti Near-endemic Red-fronted Macaw Reserve
Bolivian Spinetail Cranioleuca henricae Endemic Inquisivi and Sorata?
Light-crowned Spinetail Cranioleuca albiceps Near-endemic Siberia
Black-throated Thistletail Schizoeaca harterti Endemic Siberia
Berlepsch's Canastero Asthenes berlepschi Endemic Sorata
Maquis Canastero Asthenes heterura Near-endemic San Miguel
Plain Softtail Thripophaga fusciceps Potential-endemic San Ramon, Trinidad
Bolivian Recurvebill Simoxenops striatus Near-endemic We are searching
Zimmer’s Tapaculo Scytalopus zimmeri Near-endemic  
Bolivian White-browed Tapaculo Scytalopus bolivianus Near-endemic Apa Apa
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea Expected Encounter Quirusillas
Upland Antshrike Thamnophilus aroyae Near-endemic Quirusillas
Bolivian Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus sticturus Near-endemic Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens
Yungas Antwren Myrmotherula grisea Near-endemic Machariapo Valley
Yellow-rumped Antwren Terenura sharpie Near-endemic  
Rufous-faced Antpitta Grallaria erythrotis Endemic Siberia
Masked Antpitta Hylopezus auricularis Endemic Marigüisal
Bolivian-diademed Tapaculo Scytalopus schulenbergi Endemic Cotapata Trail
Bolivian Tyrannulet Zimmerius bolivianus Restricted-range Serrania Sadiri
Unadorned Flycatcher Myiophobus inornatus Restricted-range Apa Apa
Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes alpinus Restricted-range Chouetanga Valley
Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet Phylloscartes parkeri Expected Encounter Serrania Sadiri
Yungas Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus spodiops Near-endemic Miguelito
Hazel-fronted Pygmy-tyrant Pseudotriccus simplex Restricted-range Miguelito
Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fudcorufus Restricted-range  
Red-billed Tyrannulet Zimmerius cinereicapilla Expected Encounter Serrania Sadiri
Slaty Elaenia Elaenia strepera Expected Encounter Quirusillas
Yungas Tyrannulet Phyllomyias weedeni Near-endemic Common in cloud forest
Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa Potential-endemic Barba Azul Nature Reserve
Palkachupa Cotinga Phibalura boliviana Endemic Bolivian Andean Cerrado
Scimitar-winged Piha Lipaugus urophygialis Near-endemic  
Chestnut-crested Cotinga Ampelion rufaxilla Expected Encounter Siberia
Scaled Fruiteater Ampelioides tschudii Expected Encounter Serrania Sadiri
Yungas Manakin Chiroxiphia boliviana Restricted-range Common in cloud forest
Rufous-throated Dipper Cinclus schulzi Restricted-range  
Unicolored Thrush Turdus haplochrous Endemic San Ramon, Trinidad
Orange-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus calophrys Near-endemic  
Great Pampa Finch Embernagra platensis Potential-endemic Barba Azul Nature Reserve
San Pedro Tanager Not published Restricted-range Machariapo Valley
Green-capped Tanager Tangara meyerdeschauenseei Restricted-range Bolivian Andean Cerrado
Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentate Expected Encounter  
Carbonated Flowerpiercer Diglossa carbonaria Near-endemic Common in cloud forest
Fawn-breasted Wren Cantorchilus guarayanus Restricted-range Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens
Rufous-bellied Saltator Saltator rufiventris Restricted-range San Miguel
Bolivian Brushfinch Atlapetes rufinucha Endemic Siberia
Great-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus maximiliani Expected Encounter Barba Azul Nature Reserve
Rufous-collared Seedeater Sporophila collaris ochrascens Potential-endemic Barba Azul Nature Reserve
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera bicolor Potential-endemic Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens
Bolivian Rufous-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes rufinucha Endemic Common in cloud forest
Cochabamba Mountain-Finch Compoospiza garleppi Endemic San Miguel
Bolivian Warbling-Finch Poospiza boliviana Near-endemic Red-fronted Macaw Reserve
Citron-headed Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteocephala Near-endemic  
Many-colored Chaco-Finch Saltatricula multicolour Chaco Endemic Boyiube Chaco
Long-tailed Reed-finch Donacospiza albifrons beniana Potential-endemic Beni Savannas
Black-masked Finch Coryphaspiza melanotis Potential-endemic Barba Azul Nature Reserve
Gray-crested Finch Lophospingus griseocristatus Near-endemic Red-fronted Macaw Reserve
Bolivian Blackbird Oreopsar bolivianus Endemic Red-fronted Macaw Reserve
Velvet-fronted Grackle Lampropsar tanagrinus boliviensis Potential-endemic San Ramon, Trinidad